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January 29, 1924 – The Ice Cream Cone Rolling Machine

Posted January 29, 2009 2:09 PM by Steve Melito

On the day in engineering history, Carl R. Taylor received the first U.S. patent for a cone-rolling machine. In his patent application of February 16, 1921, the resident of Cleveland, Ohio explained that his "new and useful" invention was designed to form "thin, freshly-baked wafers while still hot into cone-shaped containers such as are commonly used in dispensing ice cream". By using multiple dies and a turntable, the cones would have time to cool and harden before moving into the release position, where they were ejected from the device. "The retention of the formed cones in the dies while several other cones are being formed", Carl Taylor explained, "gives the hot wafer time to cool and harden in the die so that it will permanently hold its conical shape and can be safely handled".

Zalabia

Taylor's technology was both original and complementary. At the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904, a Syrian-American chef named Ernest A. Hamwi had rolled zalabia, a waffle-like pastry, into cones for serving ice cream after fellow entrepreneurs Frank and Robert Menches had run out of serving bowls at their own concession stand. Although some historians claim that the Menches brothers invented the ice cream cone, Ernest Hamwi holds a June 1, 1920 patent for what is clearly a cone-maker. U.S. patent 1,342,045 may not contain the words "ice cream", but Hamwi's "apparatus for making pastry forms" depicts what modern readers will recognize as ice cream cones. "While cones are mentioned," Hamwi explained in his own words, "the invention mutatis mutandis is adaptable for other forms."

From Batter to Cone

Carl R. Taylor's ice cream cone rolling machine was designed to be used in conjunction with Ernest A. Hamwi's cone-making machine. "In use", Taylor described in his patent application, "the machine shown herein is set up adjacent the batter baking machine upon which the thin wafers which are formed by this machine into cones, are baked." Taylor's cone-rolling machine was mounted on a pedestal with a pair of upright shaft supports. A carrier support in the upper ends of the shaft supports attached to a disk or turntable. Hollow, conical dies were mounted upon the disk. Other machine components included a star wheel, gear wheel, stub shaft, conical mandrel and stop collars. The mandrel shaft moved backwards and forwards via an actuated lever that was attached to the pedestal.

Resources:

http://www.brainyhistory.com/days/january_29.html

http://www.todayinsci.com/1/1_29.htm

http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/icecreamcone.htm

http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=2676&nm=Carl-R-Taylor

http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=2660

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/1342045.pdf

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/1481813.pdf

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Re: January 29, 1924 – The Ice Cream Cone Rolling Machine

01/30/2009 12:18 PM

MY HERO!

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