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# Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/03/2017 2:31 AM

What kind of circuitry is required for peltier diode? And what is its efficiency in condensing / cooling down steam?

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#1

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier condenser

03/03/2017 2:39 AM

!. DC power supply, depending on how many modules are connected in series/parallel.

2. Not very high efficiency. (Though simplicity and convenience may be desirable.)

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#10

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier condenser

03/05/2017 4:39 AM

More practical in reverse.

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#2

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier condenser

03/03/2017 9:20 AM

Peltier devices are not very efficient. One problem is that heat is conducted through the device. It's hard to conduct electricity without also conducting heat. As a result, a lot of the heat pumped from the cold side to the hot side leaks back.

Another problem is ohmic heating from the electric current. The amount of heat pumped by the Peltier is proportional to the current, whereas the ohmic heating is proportional to the square of the current. The greater the current the lower the efficiency. For this reason, if you drive the Peltier with rectified AC, it should be filtered to smooth DC for greatest efficiency.

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#3

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/03/2017 1:14 PM

....Single stage thermoelectric devices are capable of producing a "no load" temperature differential of approximately 67°C. Temperature differentials greater than this can be achieved by stacking one thermoelectric on top of another."...

..."The typical efficiency of TEGs is around 5–8%."...

http://www.psipw.org/attachments/article/273/IJWRAE_1(2)142-145.pdf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermoelectric_generator

http://www.cui.com/catalog/resource/peltier-app-note.pdf

http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/92098/1/92098.pdf

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-thermoelectric-cooler-TEC-and-thermoelectric-generator-TEG

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#4

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/03/2017 1:40 PM

They are essentially resistive elements so just set the voltage you want to drive them with. Ohms law works.

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#5

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/03/2017 3:24 PM

It's a little more complicated. Just as a running motor acts as a generator to generate a back EMF, a TEC generates a reverse voltage driven by the temperature difference. So the voltage applied is the sum of the IR drop plus the reverse voltage.

The amount of heat removed from the cold side is proportional to current, but you have to deduct heat leaking through from the hot side (themal conductivity) and the heat added by ohmic losses (I squared R).

 "The figure above represents a thermoelectric couple. It shows some terms used in the mathematical equation: L = element height A = cross-sectional area Qc = heat load Tc = cold-side temperature Th = hot-side temperature I = applied current Additionally, there is the following: S = Seebeck coefficient R = electrical resistivity K = thermal conductivity V = voltage N = number of couples Here are the basic equations: Qc = 2 * N* [S * I * Tc -1/2 * I^2 * R * L/A – K * A/L * (Th – Tc)] V = 2 * N * [S * (Th -Tc) + I * R * L/A]

The first Qc term, S*I*Tc, is the peltier cooling effect. The second term,1/2*I^2*R*L/A, represents the Joule heating effect associated with passing an electrical current through a resistance. The Joule heat is distributed throughout the element, so 1/2 the heat goes towards the cold side, and 1/2 the heat goes towards the hot side. The last term, K*A/L*(Th-Tc), represents the Fourier effect in which heat conducts from a higher temperature to a lower temperature. So, the peltier cooling is reduced by the losses associated with electrical resistance and thermal conductance.

For the voltage, the first term, S*(Th-Tc) represents the Seebeck voltage. The second term, I*R*L/A represents the voltage related by Ohm’s law.

These equations are very simplified and are meant to show the basic idea behind the calculations that are involved. The actual differential equations do not have a closed-form solution because S, R, and K are temperature dependent. Unfortunately, assuming constant properties can lead to significant errors."

http://tetech.com/faqs/#2

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#6

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/03/2017 3:36 PM

Yes the Achilles heel of these devices....

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#7

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/04/2017 2:44 AM

I wished to utilize both the cooling and heating effect simultaneously. The hot side to heat water and cold side to condense steam. Is that possible?

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#8

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/04/2017 1:52 PM

An electrically assisted heat exchanger ? ... sure why not....

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#11

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/06/2017 2:39 AM

I am not getting ur point. Are you suggesting me progress with the idea or ...

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#12

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/06/2017 5:47 AM

Peltier devices are much more efficient when the temperature differential is lower:-

I can't immediately find a graph which extends into the negative differential region, but, I doubt if it gets worse than the 40 Watts at 0 shown here for this device.

On the other hand I can't quite see why you need anything more than a "simple" heat exchanger for your situation.

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#13

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/06/2017 2:19 PM

I need both cooling and heating effects. H.E. can't provide considerable cooling

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#9

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/04/2017 6:10 PM

Yes, if all TDs are aligned suitably.

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#14

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/06/2017 2:27 PM

What are the components we need for the circuitry? Can anyone provide a sample circuit?

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#15

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/06/2017 2:59 PM

A battery of voltage to match the Peltier unit(s). Maybe a switch.

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#16

### Re: Circuitry for Peltier Condenser

03/07/2017 6:11 AM

Use as many TEC1-12706 12V peltier modules as you need. Less than \$1.50 each

Buy a (several) PC PSU(s) for the 12V supply. You just need to short the power good pin to ground to make the supply operate in the absence of a PC motherboard. Unless you're going for a huge system, this is easily the most cost effective way to buy 12V power supplies.

The "mechanical" design of the equipment will be much more challenging.

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