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Member

Join Date: May 2012
Posts: 5

### Fuel Air Ratio?

05/27/2012 2:08 PM

in coal/oil fired boiler what is the calculation of air fuel ratio ? and excess air?(coal 3500kcal/kg & oil 9500 kcal/kg)

whats the fuel factor in controlers?

thanks

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Guru

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#1

### Re: fuel air ratio?

05/27/2012 4:42 PM

That would be specified in the operator's manual for the particular machine.

Look there.

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#2

### Re: fuel air ratio?

05/27/2012 5:43 PM

There's a contradiction here that you're not recognizing. If there was one absolute air to fuel ratio for all boilers then boiler burners would not have adjustable air vents.

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#3

### Re: fuel air ratio?

05/27/2012 7:17 PM

For ideal combustion process for burning one kg of a typical fuel oil containing 86% Carbon, 12% Hydrogen, 2% Sulphur, theoretically required quantity of air is 14.1 kg. This is the minimum air that would be required if mixing of fuel and air by the burner and combustion is perfect. Chemical analysis of the gases is an objective method that helps in achieving finer air control. By measuring carbon dioxide (CO2) or oxygen (O2) in flue gases by continuous recording instruments or Orsat apparatus or portable fyrite, the excess air level as well as stack losses can be estimated with the graph as shown in Figure 1.2 and Figure 1.3. The excess air to be supplied depends on the type of fuel and the firing system. For optimum combustion of fuel oil, the CO2 or O2 in flue gases should be maintained at 14 -15% in case of CO2 and 2-3% in case of O2.

.

1 kg of coal will typically require 7-8 kg of air depending upon the carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur content for complete combustion. This air is also known as theoretical or stoichiometric air.

If for any reason the air supplied is inadequate, the combustion will be incomplete. The result is poor generation of heat with some portions of carbon remaining unburnt (black smoke) and forming carbon monoxide instead of carbon dioxides. The excess air required for coal combustion depends on the type of coal firing equipment. Hand fired boilers use large lumps of coal and hence need very high excess air.

http://www.em-ea.org/Guide%20Books/book-2/2.1%20Fuels%20and%20combustion.pdf

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