By recording the automatic brain wave responses of 100 school-aged
children to speech sounds, researchers found that the very best readers
encoded the sound most consistently while the poorest readers encoded it
with the greatest inconsistency.
Decades of research from laboratories worldwide have shown that reading
ability is associated with auditory skills, including auditory memory
and attention, the ability to rhyme sounds and the ability to categorize
rapidly occurring sounds.
Presumably, the brain's response to sound stabilizes when children learn
to successfully connect sounds with their meanings. While learning to
read is a smooth process for most children, some suffer from dyslexia, a
constellation of impairments that make learning to read difficult. A
newly discovered biological mechanism appears to play an important role
in the reading process and could lead to helping people with dyslexia.