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China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 7:53 AM

In China, pneumatics industry did not exist at all till late 1960. Before that, pneumatic units were designed and produced by the factories that used them. Most of them were automobile and tractor makers, using just simply pneumatic parts on production and assembly lines. There were no professional producers and traders for pneumatic products and systems. (Chen 2005) In June 1967, a specialist pneumatics industry meeting was held in Beijing attended by specialists and experts from several units, focusing on supplying The 2nd Automobile Manufacturing Factory with pneumatic products to be used on production line. At that meeting, two R&D teams were established, staffed by people from Jinan Casting and Forging Machinery Institute and Shanghai Mechanical-Electrical Product Designing Institute, who later developed products including flow direction valves and air preparation units. This meeting and the two teams were viewed as the starting of Chinese pneumatics industry. Late 1960, only 16 categories, covering more than 80 products were developed and produced.

In 1975, the First National Professional Pneumatics Industry Meeting was held in Zhaoqing, Guangdong. Four united designing teams were established, staffed by specialists from academic institute and factories, focusing on R&D of flow direction valves, flow rate controllers, air cylinders, and pneumatic logic controllers, etc. At that meeting, development project of pneumatics industry was drafted, and manufacturing factories for pneumatic products were designated. Up to 1978, pneumatic product supplies were expanded to 61 categories, including 256 products.

In 1981-1985 (namely the Sixth Five Year Plan), pneumatic products were listed in the 38 Important National Scientific and Technological Projects. During that time, many technical problems were solved, and new product or component parts were developed, including aluminium air cylinder tube, 5/3 puppet type direction control valve, solenoid pilot valve, etc. In 1982, Shanghai Pneumatic Units Factory introduced 4 product categories from Herion Company in the then West Germany, incorporating air preparation units, mechanical control valves, electrical control valves, and multi-media valves, along with production technologies.

In 1986-1990 (i.e. the Seventh Five Year Plan), as part of the national projects, around 73 new pneumatic products were born in China, such as precision air filter, precision air regulator, auto drainer, non-lubricator solenoid valves, digital locating cylinder, rotary cylinder, dual rod cylinder, etc. Meanwhile, Zhaoqing Pneumatic Units General Factory, in Guangdong, introduced from TAIYO IRON WORKS LTD, Japan (changed name to TAIYO Ltd in 2007) non-lubricator cylinders; Yantai Pneumatic Units General Factory, in Shandong, introduced from Leibfried, then West Germany, ISO standard cylinders; Wuxi Pneumatic Units General Factory, in Suzhou, introduced from CKD Corporation, Japan, multi-application solenoid valves; the pneumatic branch factory of Dalian Combined Lathe Institute, in Liaoning, introduced from Martonair Germany ISO cylinder and pneumatic valve, etc. Late 1990, Chinese pneumatic categories expanded to more than 450.

In 1991-1995 (namely the Eighth Five Year Plan), companies such as Wuxi Pneumatic Technology Institute, Shanghai Pneumatic Units Company and Fuxin Pneumatic unit Factory undertook state-designated R&D programs including non-lubricator puppet type electrical-pneumatic direction control valves, refrigerating type compressed air dryer, modular air preparation units, high frequency solenoid valves, and low watt solenoid valves, etc. On the other hand, many new products like mini air cylinder, Mickey type air cylinder, safety air preparation modular units, automatic to-and-fro cylinder, vibrating cylinder, air vibrator, air gripper were developed independently by firms in Jinan Shandong, Zhaoqing Guangdong, Yantai Shangdong, Wuxi Jiangsu, and Changchu Jilin, etc. Meanwhile, Jinan Huaneng Pneumatic Company introduced designing and manufacturing technologies from Japan and Germany. Up to end of 1993, Chinese pneumatic products grew to 1080 categories.

In 1996-2000 (namely the Ninth Five Year Plan), the national centralization of pneumatic product development was reduced, with only two projects being carried out. On the other hand, Chinese pneumatic companies intensify investment in R&D, successfully developing new products such as oval tube cylinder, parallel dual-rod cylinder, multistage telescopic cylinder, new type gas-liquid damping cylinder, Energy-saving Gas-liquid Pressurized Cylinder, new type air gripper, pneumatic pilot air regulator, low watt solenoid valve, and valve terminal, etc, and a great number of new products for applications for automobile exhaust cleaning system, Environmental automobile fuel system, automobile air brake system, textile, printing, rail train, petrochemical, and non-ferrous metal, etc. Even breakthrough was achieved at pneumatic applications in areas like mechatronics and automation. In late 2000, pneumatic product categories grew to around 1480.

Up to now, Chinese pneumatics industry went through the process of united R&D under national central coordination, technology introduction from developed countries, and self innovation and development. After around 40 years for development, Chinese pneumatics industry grew rapidly, with more than 1100 companies, more than 50,000 employees, sales of 1.1 billion USD in 2009, about 2000 product categories (CHPSA 2010).

In the recent two decades, in addition to just exporting products to China as they had been doing for many years, foreign companies FDI (foreign direct investment) in China pneumatics market witnessed steady growth, many foreign companies opening branches or factories such as SMC and CKD from Japan, FESTO and Bosch Rexroth from Germany, Camozzi and Metal Work from Italy, Parker Hannifin from USA. Among them, SMC invested 300 million USD in production centre in Beijing in 1994 (SMC 2010), Airtac from Taiwan investing 50 million USD in production centre in Fenghua, Zhejiang in 2002 (Airtac 2010), Bosch Rexroth acquired major stock share of Chinese pneumatics company Easun in 2008 (AutomationWorld 2008), FESTO purchased 100% share of Jinan Huaneng Pneumatics Company in 2007 (Qilu Evening News 2007) who was one of the largest Chinese pneumatics company.

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#1

Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 8:08 AM

interesting read, thanks

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#12
In reply to #1

Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

01/14/2011 9:44 AM

Hi,

In fact, this is an excerpt of an essay which is downloadable at

http://www.acculine-mfg.com/literature/Upgrading_the_Competitive_Advantage_of_Chinese_Private_Sector-Challenges_and_Potential_in_the_Case_of_Chinese_Pneumatics_Industry.pdf.

For more related reading materials, please visit webpage http://www.acculine-mfg.com/literature.html.

Best regards.

Peter

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#2

Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 8:12 AM

Just think of it. In two weeks they'll be starting on their 12th five year plan.

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#3
In reply to #2

Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 11:22 AM

good observation......wonder who you may have upset to mark this ot?

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#4
In reply to #3

Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 11:49 AM

I was curious about that as well.

The twelfth Five Year Plan was released by China 27 October 2010.

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#5
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Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 12:21 PM

some good points, if I were to bet......and I only bet on sure things. ; ). China will compromise somewhere in the middle..... The way I talk, I should have been a politician....or better yet, a meteorologist.

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#6
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Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 1:05 PM

It seems that I have upset just about everybody on the planet at one time or another, so, it could be just about anybody. At least I can't be accused of discrimination.

And, if anybody ever figures out what the topic really is, let me know.

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#7
In reply to #6

Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 1:50 PM

I feel slighted....you haven't ticked me off yet.

I gave you a vote for not being off-topic. Seems applicable to me.

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#8
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Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 2:03 PM

JBTardis,

Thank you for the assist.

I'll add you to the ever shortening list of non-ticked off people on the planet.

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#9
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Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 2:06 PM

well maybe you upset everyone here......but you could look on the bright side......they could still find life on mars.....

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#10
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Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 5:03 PM

I doubt they will find it while in still capable of pissing people off.

By that time, I'll probably just be piS$ing myself.

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#11

Re: China Pneumatics Industry History and Development

12/14/2010 9:35 PM

Hello Peter and welcome to CR4. Your long item does not seem to pose a question for us to ponder.

Have a good humour when you read some of the comments on this site. As Engineers, some of us have a dry sense of humour that sometimes takes a few reads before the real meaning (humour) can be found.

I hope you enjoy the site as I have now for some years.

I found two interesting remarks within the content.

The first meeting involved "forgers" and later plans openly comment about "introducing designing and manufacturing technologies from Japan and Germany"

In a country where patent and copyright laws mean zip, is this any surprise?

[Yes I do know what is meant by forgers, but it's still an interesting word in this context.]

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