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Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/02/2013 8:04 AM

Hi All,

Can anyone here please share any diagram or resource which shows the relations between the following terms:

Six Sigma
TQM
Kaizen
Kanban
JIT

So that everyone knows the relationship between those keywords above in relates to ISO 9001 or 16949.

Thanks

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Pathfinder Tags: JIT kaizen Kanban six sigma TQM
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#1

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/02/2013 8:17 AM

Lean.org is a great resource for lean manufacturing concepts.

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#3
In reply to #1

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/02/2013 8:33 AM

thanks for the advice, but I cannot see it on the page ?

do I have to post similar question in that forum ?

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#4
In reply to #3

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/02/2013 8:52 AM

Click on the Knowledge Center link (blue navigation bar at the top of the lean.org page) and you will be able to search by topic for the terms you're interested in learning more about.

Even Wikipedia offers definitions and explanations of the terms. For example: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaizen

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#5
In reply to #3

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/02/2013 8:59 AM

This is a pretty common diagram, based on the Toyota production system "house," that may help you:

Image from lean.org.

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#2

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/02/2013 8:32 AM

There are all sorts of books on this topic, so clearly a number of authors can. How about trying Amazon (usual disclaimer - rhetorical question - NNTR)?

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#6
In reply to #2

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/02/2013 9:33 AM

PWSlack,

So far I cannot find the overall big picture which shows the relations between those terms and where it is being used.

Any suggestion of books, website or White paper would be greatly appreciated.

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#7
In reply to #6

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/02/2013 11:06 AM

Try these. 2116 books at the last count.

<unsubscribes>

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#8

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/02/2013 5:01 PM

I'm tempted to report this "KaizenDon" as it seems that he is a consultant that will make personal financial gain from the outputs that we are providing.

Am I off track?

Score this off topic if you think that I'm out of step and I'll re-consider.

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#9
In reply to #8

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/02/2013 8:33 PM

No, I'm not a consultant who gains anything financially from this forum. I'm just here to get to know more about Quality Control and Operations Management improvement in general as I'm doing Master or Management degree while working part time internship as process analyst with medium automotive industry.

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#10

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/03/2013 7:57 AM

What makes you so sure there is a relation at all?

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#11
In reply to #10

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/03/2013 9:41 AM

of course yes, otherwise, it will be difficult to get everyone on the same page and have the common understanding.

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#12

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/03/2013 10:00 AM

You might find some information at http://6sproductivitycom.com

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#13
In reply to #12

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/03/2013 10:29 AM

Thanks Rich !

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#14

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/03/2013 10:59 AM

Total Quality Management is the overall concept.

Six Sigma statistics. It's keep track of production and sample testing the product and making adjustments before things get too far out of tolerance. There is much more too it because it also involves looking for cost drivers through auditing. Green Belts do the tasks and the Black Belts manage the system.

Lean Manufacturing works to expose mistakes by keeping inventory low. If you keep a high inventory it's easier to hide mistakes because people don't notice the waste as often. Mistake don't start showing up until the required amount of materials needed start running short. People can't just go grab another piece of material when there was only enough ordered on hand for the job.

ISO is basically keeping everything documented. Documentation is important, it allows you to see what mistakes have been made and what was done to correct and prevent the mistake from happening again.

Here is one that wasn't mentioned. POKE YOKE - That is developing little steps that makes your job easier and reduces the chances of something happening. Things like just having a cup available to put screws in that prevents them from getting lost or scattered.

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#15

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/03/2013 3:09 PM

Suggestion: If you are seriously contemplating a career in Quality, join ASQ and buy a copy of "Juran's Quality Handbook". If you are a grad student, ASQ has a student rate just for you. The Juran Handbook is the Bible of Quality.

In short, TQM is a Quality Philosophy, Six Sigma is a set of Continuous Improvement tools and a methodology which people often use as a substitute for Quality, Kaizen is another way to say Continuous Improvement, and Kanban and JIT are Manufacturing tools or methods. (Note: Kanban and JIT are not generally considered Quality tools or methods. Can you tell me why? Bonus points if you can tell me why they might be considered Quality methods.)

TQM: This is a philosophy. TQM precedes everything else in your list. Key tenets are "Quality is everybody's responsibility" "Know ALL of your customers" "Continuous Improvement" (This is not "official", just what I find hardest to get people to understand and apply)

Six Sigma: One of the most powerful and most misapplied toolkits you will ever encounter. As developed, Six Sigma was intended to take on the systemic problems which require major funding to accomplish and which would have a major impact on the organization's bottom line. Typically, however, it is used for problems which can and should be solved using less costly methods and so receives a lot of bad reports because it often fails to live up to the hype.

Kaizen: Japanese for "continuous improvement". Under TQM and "Quality is Everybody's Job", kaizen simply meant all employees know and understand the Basic Quality Tools so that they can apply them to their jobs. Building on the idea of the Magic of Compound Interest, the kaizen philosophy asks "Which is better? An improvement that yields a 10% improvement at the end of the year or a series of daily improvements each yielding (10/365)% ? Under Six Sigma in its current incarnation, Kaizen is a type of event and can be costly to organize but the results are quicker than a Black Belt project.

Kanban: A system designed so that the environment tells you what to do.


JIT: One method of removing waste from your process.

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#18
In reply to #15

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/03/2013 11:48 PM


ok, the following diagram is what I created based on my understanding in the Operations Management in general.
Any comments and suggestion would be greatly appreciated.

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#19
In reply to #18

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/03/2013 11:57 PM

here's the full image URL: http://i.imgur.com/vnCberJ.jpg?1

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#16

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/03/2013 5:17 PM

Re: the relationship to ISO9001

Have you read ISO9001? ISO9001 is TQM in the form of a standard. Best line in the ISO9001 std:

5.2 Customer focus
Top management shall ensure that customer requirements are determined and are met with the aim of enhancing customer satisfaction.

That's Quality in a nutshell. If this doesn't happen, nothing else happens. I could put together a semester of lessons for a grad school with this sentence as the catalog description.

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#17

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/03/2013 7:32 PM

Many thanks to all who share your knowledge in this thread.

b

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#20

Re: Diagram to Explain Six Sigma TQM Kaizen Kanban JIT?

04/05/2013 7:25 AM

Dear KaizenDon, these concepts are concepts, not only terms or specific feature descriptions, and are called different cause are different concepts. Can be related in some ways dependind on their application, but at the same time that relations could be unapropiated. Six sigma needs numerical data and statistical reading, Kaizen needs other type of data and control, but both can work completely independently.

In my opinion the question made has no answer since has no sense to be asked, it looks like the one asking has a narrow view of them, pointing just to zero defects, and that's not the unique aim of anyone of cited, neither ISO 9001 (which is customer satisfaction).

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